ADB CASES OVER THE YEARS

REPORT ON THE FIELD SURVEY ON THE RESETTLEMENT IMPACTS CAUSED BY NATIONAL ROAD 1 IMPROVEMENT PROJECT

By Resettlement Action Network (RAN) and NGO Forum Cambodia

Resettlement Action Network (RAN), a network of NGO Forum on Cambodia, conducted a field survey to study resettlement impacts caused by the National Road No.1 Improvement Project, currently implemented by the government of Cambodia with assistance from Japanese Official Development Assistance. The Project re- quires the resettlement of more than 1800 households, and RAN has raised serious concerns over the resettlement impacts of the Project.

Report on Field Survey of People Affected by National Highway 1 Improvement Project - Neak Leung to Bavet

By The Working Group on Development Banks of the NGO Forum on Cambodia in association with NICFEC

The NGO Forum First raised concern about possible relocation problems in early November 1999, when they sent a message to a visiting Asian Development Bank (ADB) mission regarding a government edict requiring a 30-meter right-of-way on National Highway One. The email, dated 6 November, stated "there would be dire consequences if [the edict] was enforced", and suggested that the ADB should advise a narrower right-of-way and leniency in the edict's application. While involuntary relocation is a potential problem throughout Cambodia, citizens living along National Highway One, which is being upgraded through a loan from the ADB, are theoretically protected by the ADB's strict policy requirements for involuntary resettlement.

THE ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK: IN ITS OWN WORDS (Analysis of Project Audit Reports for Indonesia, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka)

Stephanie Gorson Fried, Ph.D. and Shannon Lawrence Environmental Defense with Regina Gregory, ADBwatch

Between 1966 and 2002, the Asian Development Bank (ADB or Bank) provided approximately $99 billion dollars in loans for 1,752 projects in 38 countries throughout the Asia- Pacific region.1 This report examines the ADB’s track record – in the Bank’s own words, based entirely on the Bank’s own documents – in Indonesia, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Indonesia and Pakistan are, respectively, the ADB’s first and second biggest cumulative borrowers. Together, they have received more than one-third of total ADB funds disbursed during the Bank’s thirty-six-year history. During the 1990s, Sri Lanka was one of the top borrowers from the Bank’s concessional lending window, the Asian Development Fund (ADF) and is currently among the “reconstructing nations” targeted by the ADB for postconflict loans.2 ADB loans to Sri Lanka, although relatively small compared to those made to Indonesia and Pakistan, currently comprise approximately 20 percent of the country’s public external debt.  In its 2000 assessment of multilateral development finance, the bi-partisan U.S. Congressional International Financial Institution Advisory Commission (the Meltzer Commission) found project sustainability - whether or not a project provides lasting, long-term economic and social benefits - to be the key indicator for judging the performance of multilateral development banks such as the ADB.The Meltzer Commission considered a lack of project sustainability to be synonymous with project failure.

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