ADB CASES OVER THE YEARS

DEVELOPING A PEOPLE’S PERCEPTION BASED VIDEO DOCUMENT ON THE ADB SUPPORTED IWRM PROJECT IN CITARUM RIVER BASIN

Citarum, a river 270 km long, is one of the important rivers in Java. Millions of people, especially those who live in Jakarta, are dependent on this river for their needs in agriculture and industry, and for their supply of clean water. Without the Citarum River, Jakarta would be a dead city since 80% of its water supply comes from the mentioned river. Ironically, it may no longer be sufficient to call Citarum as the river which can guarantee millions of lives. Many are now reporting Citarum as the longest ‘trash bin’ in the world. Various programs and projects keep coming in that aim to make Citarum adequate enough to be used as a river. Integrated Citarum Water Resources Management Investment Program (ICWRMIP) is one among 6 other rivers that being funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) with the total amount of USD 500 million.

 

People’s Coalition for the Rights to Water (KRuHA), the national coalition advocacy on water in Indonesia and one of the prominent voices campaign of water in Indonesia, took up the initiative to monitor the IWRM Projects. The issues that the report highlighted and the activities that were undertaken by KRuHA have made a good impact on the country level and have slow down the formation of the River Basin Organization. IWRM implementation has been so critical thus there are many civil society groups voiced their concerns. The time has come to consolidate those voices and publish them in an audio-visual format to be used as an advocacy tool not only at the state level but also at the national and Regional level in targeting ADB’s intervention on IWRM.

STRENGTHENING WATER MANAGEMENT AND IRRIGATION SYSTEM REHABILITATION” IN BAC NINH PROVINCE, VIETNAM

by Duong Thu Hang Hoang Thi Tu Oanh Vu Hai Linh

For thousands of years, the Vietnamese people have gathered in the rich river deltas to cultivate rice and farm. In this way, agriculture has been the main economic driver of Vietnam. Even now, although industry and services have appeared and are often given priority in development, the importance of agriculture remains; it provides food for 90 million domestic consumers and contributes about 20% of the total GDP (2012) (Minh Ngoc 2013). By the end of 2012, the agricultural sector received the largest amount of loans from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to Vietnam, accounting for 31% of the total (Vietnam Overview 2013). This research centers on one of the ADB approved projects in the agricultural sector of the Red River delta of Vietnam, the project, “Strengthening Water Management and Irrigation System Rehabilitation” (here abbreviated as ADB5). Water usage in this area is faced with many challenges. For example, water must be shared among four different sectors: agriculture, industry, services and households. Also, water irrigation system degradation has made the system less efficient and has caused the unnecessary waste of irrigation water. As a result of these problems, the ADB-funded project was established with the following three components:

 

  • Component 1 - Construction of a major portion of the first phase of the Pho Hien campus of the Water Resource University (WRU), comprising a well-balanced, functional mix of educational facilities sufficient by 2016 for 13,400 students and including dormitories for 30% of the student body.

  • Component 2 - Construction and Rehabilitation of Bac Hung Hai (BHH) Irrigation and Drainage Infrastructure, including construction of eight new pumping stations and the rehabilitation of two existing pumping stations for irrigation, drainage and dual purposes in the BHH system, a system which runs through the 3 provinces of Bac Ninh, Hai Duong and Hung Yen.

  • Component 3 - Strengthening the capacity of BHH service providers: strengthen the capacity of water management organizations on a pilot basis in the Gia Binh area of Bac Ninh province, and improve management information throughout the BHH system, with the establishment of a first phase supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system.

 

The rationale for the last two components arises from the increasing demand for water in agriculture to ensure food security, a problem intensified by the conversion of some paddy lands to aquaculture areas. Also, the BHH irrigation system is one of the oldest systems in the Red River Delta and is experiencing degradation. Given the importance of the system in terms of the economy, social welfare, and food security, this rehabilitation is much needed. 

DEVELOPING A PEOPLE’S PERCEPTION BASED VIDEO DOCUMENT ON THE ADB SUPPORTED IWRM PROJECT IN BAITARANI RIVER BASIN, ODISHA FOR SOUTH-SOUTH ADVOCACY INITIATIVE OF NGO FORUM ON ADB

by Ranjan K. Panda

Ranjan Kishor Panda, Convenor of Water Initiatives Odisha (WIO), the leading network of water in Odisha and one of the prominent voices of water in India, took up the initiative to monitor the IWRM Project supported by ADB in Baitarani River Basin in Odisha, India.  The NGO Forum on ADB-supported a part of this initiative through a small financial support in organizing public consultations and preparing a report on the state of affairs.  The issues that the report highlighted and the activities that were undertaken by WIO have made a good impact in the state and besides the government going slow on the formation of the River Basin Organisation, there have been a lot of activities among civil society groups raising voices of concern about this project.  Time has come to consolidate those voices and documents them in an audio-visual format to be used as an advocacy tool not only at the state level but also at the national and Asia level targeting ADB’s intervention in IWRM.  This proposal will basically be a follow up to the previous work but will build a new scope of advocacy through an audio-visual advocacy.

ADB IWRM SUPPORTED PROJECTS

by Kazi Zaved Khalid Pasha, Ranjan Kishor Panda, Muhammad Reza Sahib, Sigit Karyadi Budiono, Arimbi Heroepoetri, Diana Gultom, Ratan Bhandari, and Rashmi Kiran Shrestha

A collection of studies about the ADB IWRM funded projects:

 

  • A Case Study on the ADB-funded Southwest Integrated Water Resource Planning and Management Project (SWIWRPM) through Community Vigilance

  • Developing a People’s Perception-based Documentation on the ADB-Supported IWRM Project in Baitarani River Basin, Odisha

  • Documentation and Advocacy Report on the Integrated Citarum Water Resources Management Investment Program (ICWRMIP) Funded by the Asian Development Bank

  • ADB and Hydropower Project in Nepal: A Case Study of Tanahu Hydropower Project

REPORT ON THE WEST SETI HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT AND ADB POLICY VIOLATIONS

by Yuki Tanabe Japan Center for a Sustainable Environment and Society (JACSES)

The West Seti Hydroelectric Project is a 750 MW dam project in western Nepal (located in Baitadi, Bajhang, Dadeldhura and Doti Districts), which has been planned by an Australian company, Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation (SMEC).

The estimated project cost is 1.2 billion dollars, and the project is expected to receive loans and political guarantees by Asian Development Bank (ADB), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), Export and Import Bank of China, Bank of China, Infrastructure Leasing and Export Corporation (India), Industrial Bank of China, China Export and Credit Insurance Corporation (SINOSURE). All the electricity produced will be transferred to India by the Power Trade Corporation (PTC).1 As a royalty, 10 % of the produced electricity (or equivalent cash) is expected to be provided to the Government of Nepal.

This project has been set under Category A, as per the ADB Environment Policy, and the first Environmental Assessment (EIA) report was carried out in 1999. According to the EIA, 1,160 families (9,096 people) will be displaced due to the project.3 This EIA is currently under revision by SMEC, and is expected to be publicly available 120 days prior to the ADB Board approval (ADB Board approval is expected on December 20, 2007).

Between July 6 to 15, 2007, Ratan Bhandari (Water and Energy Users' Federation Nepal, WAFED) and Yuki Tanabe (JACSES) jointly visited affected areas of the West Seti Hydroelectric Project (Deura, Mori Bagad, Lekam, Harada Khani, Dhungad, Talara and Talkot) and resettlement sites in Kailali District (Sandepani, Lamki and Narayanpur). Meetings5 and interviews with more than 200 local people (total) were held in these areas. 

This short report has been made to spell out people’s concerns regarding the project and violations of ADB policies. 

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