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  • Cases | NGO Forum on ADB | Lungsod Quezon

    CASES COMMUNICATION WITH AIIB EVENTS SUGGESTED READINGS FAQ CASES RECENTLY APPROVED Bangladesh Bhola IPP Bhola is the only island district of Bangladesh under Barishal in Bangladesh. Mumbai-based Shapoorji Pallonji Infrastructure Capital Company Private Limited (SP Infra), a subsidiary of Shapoorji Pallonji Group constructed a 220/225 MW Gas and Diesel based power plant through its new company Nutan Bidyut Bangladesh Limited (NBBL) at Kutba village under Burhanuddin Upazila in Bhola. ​ NBBL has received USD 60.00 million from Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and another USD 60.00 million from the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB). Bangladesh Working Group on External Debt (BWGED) and CLEAN (Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network) in collaboration with NGO Forum on ADB conducted studies on the socio-environmental impacts of the power plant along with potential violation of national and international standards.​ In April 2022, CLEAN and NGO Forum on ADB filed 6 complaints regarding the destructive impacts of the Bangladesh Bhola IPP. Key concerns include the following – 1. Lack of Information Disclosure and Meaningful Consultation An overall lack of timely information disclosure by both AIIB and NBBL on project information Poor and misleading translation of key documents, especially the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), E&S Summary, Environmental Management Plan (EMP), and Grievance Redress Mechanism (GRM) have been classified by CLEAN. The translated documents are in some instances incomprehensible and do not make sense. Lender has not provided any documentation or output from the consultation reports and has misrepresented accounts of consultations that could not be validated. 2. Coercion, Fraud, and Intimidation on Land Acquisition Coercion and intimidation faced by local communities especially Hindu from ‘middlemen’ appointed by NBBL to forcibly acquire land at the lowest rates. Hindu communities fearing retaliation in case they are identified as stakeholders raising concern. No records of sale or transaction on first phase land acquisition by NBBL Land acquisition practice was in violation of the “Bangladesh Acquisition and Requisition of Immovable Property Ordinance, 1982 and the amended ordinance of 2017”, which stipulates land owners be entitled to thrice the market price from private companies (in this case NBBL) Ineffective and non-functional local grievance redress mechanisms GRM. 3. Environmental Impact and Livelihood Loss Construction and Sand waste deposited by NBBL has led to Mandartoli Shakha Khal/River Channel river bed over siltation. Further, the NBBL embanked its northern part with sand sacks and has taken over half of the canal. The sand from the sacks has spilled out into the canal bed causing siltation and the canal to gradually dry up. Now the canal is only 1-2 feet deep and has lost its water-carrying capacity. Destruction of Betel Leaf farms: Due to Mandartoli Shakha Khal clogging, monsoon water overflows during high tide and directly floods the Dakshin Kutba village. Estimated 400 Betel leaf farms have been destroyed; displacing over 2000 families dependent on agriculture. Over 100 households are approximated to be directly waterlogged and left completely disconnected from public services, communication, health care, and other necessary services. Project site has taken over half of all grazing land in the area, leading to a direct impact on goat herders who are mainly women. Labor Colony has discharged large amounts of effluent, sewage, and waste to surrounding villages, leading to uninhabitable living conditions. ​ ​ ​ ​ Surkhandarya 1,560MW CCGT Power Plant [PROPOSED] The AIIB is proposing to provide a loan of 225million EUR to support the design, construction, and operation of a new 1560MW Combined Cycle Gas Turbine Power Plant in the Surkhandarya region of Uzbekistan. According to the Bank's own ranking, the project is identified as a safeguards Category A project (highest risk). The project consortium is made up of the Dutch conglomerate, Stone City Energy, France's EDF, Germany's Siemens Energy, and Qatar's Nebras Power. ​ Dubious GHG Accounting Although CO2 emissions have been estimated in AIIB project documents, there is no reference for how the calculations were derived and what scopes of emission are being considered. No estimated calculations of other emissions, including most critically, methane, are evident. Climate and Biodiversity Concerns The project site will occupy 70 hectares of land beside the Uchkizil irrigation reservoir, which it will use for water intake and for discharging treated wastewater. The reservoir is also relied on for irrigating agricultural fields in the area. No specific measures are listed for avoiding and responding to incidences of contamination from the effluent discharges or accidental leaks on-site during project construction or operation. ​ Community Concerns Undisclosed Details on community consultations, specifically on how those living and working around the reservoir have been informed, what project concerns they raised, and how/if these issues are being addressed remain absent from AIIB's documentation. Although plans for future consultations are mentioned, it's not clear how these discussions will be carried out and what - if any - precautions would be taken to avoid risks of reprisals to local people raising questions. ​ Mis-Aligned with the Imperatives of Climate Science Although the AIIB suggests the design of the project is "climate resilient" there is no published information to explain what this means. The reality is that in fact the project, which is expected to only become operational in 2026, would undermine the AIIB’s own stated pursuit of Paris alignment and joint MDB climate commitments. The climate science is clear: ramping up construction for new fossil gas infrastructure is unequivocally incompatible with the action required to meet the Paris Agreement goals of limiting global heating to 1.5C (IPCC Assessment Report 6; “Net Zero by 2050 Roadmap”) As outlined by the IEA, to have a chance to keep global heating below catastrophic levels, large scale gas‐fired generation to peak globally by 2030, and the electricity sector would need to be completely decarbonized by 2040 worldwide. ​ Project Location: Surkhandarya region, Uzbekistan ​ Watch Video

  • ADB Accountability Mechanism | NGO Forum on ADB | Lungsod Quezon

    МОНИТОРИНГИ ЛОИҲА Latest News Sign the 1M Petition ADB Project Tracker Media Pillars for the Future of Development Finance in Asia ​ After much anticipation, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) recently released Strategy 2030 , its long-term corporate strategy to respond effectively to Asia’s changing needs. As the ADB looks to the future of development finance in Asia, it must keep community engagement, including access to effective remedy, at the forefront. Strategy 2030, then in draft form, was heavily showcased during May’s ADB annual meeting in Manila, Philippines. The strategy includes plans to increase private sector lending as well as the use of country systems in lieu of ADB safeguard policies for public sector operations. Strategy 2030 also cites the bank’s commitment to the Paris Agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals as the overarching objectives of the strategy document. However according to the joint submission of NGO Forum on ADB , a close partner of Accountability Counsel, Strategy 2030 still lacks adequate guidance on how will ADB concretely contribute in achieving the targets set forth in these key global agreements. Importantly, although Strategy 2030 does contain some commitments to work with civil society organizations (CSOs) in the design and implementation of projects, little mentioned in the strategy is how the ADB plans to ensure that local communities direct the course of development in Asia and have access to accountability and remedy in the event of any negative impacts from financing. Of course, the ADB is not the only actor in the region, and questions about the future of development in Asia span various institutions. China’s “One Belt, One Road ” initiative will pour over $1 trillion dollars into the region and beyond. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, a China-led multilateral bank that opened in 2016, is ramping up operations. How can the ADB and other financial institutions ensure that communities’ rights are respected in the course of undertaking projects in the region? When rights are violated or communities have concerns about projects, how can these institutions ensure that communities have effective venues to raise and address these concerns? Not focusing sufficiently on community input can be disastrous. As Rayyan Hassan from NGO Forum on ADB raised during a session in Manila hosted by the ADB’s independent accountability office , communities often lack information about projects that may negatively impact them, owing to ineffective consultation and information disclosure processes. Fear, insecurity, and anger then build into grievances. Accountability Counsel has seen this scenario play out time and again through our casework, both in Asia and across the world. For example, the World Bank ’s accountability office confirmed that the communities in Sindhuli, Nepal affected by the 220 kV Khimti-Dhalkebar Transmission Line had not received proper information and consultation about the health, safety, and economic impacts of the bank’s project, leading to misunderstanding, violence against peaceful protesters, and significant project delays. Similar concerns are being raised by communities in Lamjung, Nepal who are affected by the European Investment Bank (EIB)-funded Nepal Power System Expansion Project , which is integrated with the ADB’s S outh Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation Power System Expansion Project . Given the local communities’ recent advocacy with the EIB, it appears here again that international financiers have to do more to ensure that their development projects maintain a high standard of information disclosure, consultation, and participation in order to “do no harm” and truly improve lives in Asia. As the ADB and others look to the future of development in Asia, they must put measures in place to ensure that communities’ voices are fully respected in the course of projects. This includes strong environmental and social safeguard policies surrounding project design and implementation. As CSOs highlighted during the ADB annual meeting, strong environmental and social protections are particularly important as these institutions increase the focus on private sector investment, which has historically received less oversight. This also includes comprehensive and accessible project information for communities and ongoing inclusive consultations, right from the project design phase. Crucially, respecting community voices also entails ensuring that communities have access to an effective accountability office to address any project-related harm, including the denial of information and consultation around the project. To be effective, these offices must operate according to principles including legitimacy, transparency, and fairness. The ADB’s accountability office, comprised of the Compliance Review Panel and the Office of the Special Project Facilitator, is well established but could be improved, particularly in the area of structural independence from the ADB. As the ADB rolls out Strategy 2030, the bank should place particular attention on strengthening the accountability office to ensure that it is an effective, legitimate avenue for community engagement and provides a meaningful remedy for the harms communities have suffered or will potentially suffer. Through Strategy 2030, the ADB seeks to achieve a prosperous, inclusive, resilient, and sustainable Asia and the Pacific. This is only possible if the ADB, and other financial institutions and actors in the region, put communities first. Community engagement, including access to an effective accountability office, is vital for ensuring that future development in Asia reflects the needs and priorities of its people. БОНКИ ОСИЁИ РУШДИ (БОР) Project Monitoring Energy Campaign Safeguards Public Information Policy Accountability Mechanism Strategy 2030

  • 1M Signatures for ADB Safeguards | ngoforumonadb

    МО АЗ БОНКИ ОСИЁИ РУШДИ (БОР) А СИЁСАТИ УСТУВОР, БА ХУКУКУ одилонаи мухофизат! Ном Оё шумо - Индивидуалӣ Ташкилот ИМЗО Мубодила ё твит кунед, то дастгирии худро нишон диҳед! Share ТАЛАБХОРО ХОНЕД

  • AIIB Communications | NGO Forum on ADB | Lungsod Quezon

    CASES COMMUNICATION WITH AIIB EVENTS SUGGESTED READINGS FAQ STATEMENTS LETTERS Re: Virtual Consultations Hosted by AIIB on the Energy Sector Strategy Update To: Mr. Jin Liqun, President, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) Mr. Ludger Schuknecht, V.P. and Corporate Secretary, AIIB Sir Danny Alexander, V.P., Policy and Strategy, AIIB Mr. Bob Pickard, D.G., Communications Department, AIIB AIIB Board of Directors – Via Email – Over the course of last week’s virtual consultations hosted by the AIIB on the Energy Sector Strategy Update, we hoped to join and engage in discussions in good faith. However, while we appreciate this gesture from the Bank towards expanding the process for public input on the Strategy Update, several key concerns – despite being raised consistently in writing and during online discussions – have yet to be addressed. As a result, following a collective deliberation, we are writing once again to highlight key issues of contention. With all due respect, we firmly reiterate our shared perspective that the consultation sessions as scheduled do not provide an opportunity for meaningful and inclusive dialogue between diverse sectors of civil society across the institution’s membership and the responsible Bank representatives – necessary not least because of the major implications on the future possibilities for just transition and the livelihood prospects of populations across borrowing nations of the Bank’s membership as well as meeting global climate ambitions. ​ READ MORE FORUM'S LATEST LETTERS SENT TO AIIB ​ Re: AIIB’s Virtual Consultation Sessions on the Energy Sector Strategy Update AIIB’s Extended Deadline for Public Input on the Energy Sector Strategy Update AIIB response regarding the Extended Deadline for Public Input on the AIIB Energy Sector Strategy Collective Statement For the Energy Sector Strategy Update Re: AIIB’s Call for Public Input on the Energy Sector Strategy Update AIIB's Response: 'AIIB’s Call for Public Input on the Energy Sector Strategy Update' Follow Up Correspondence Concerning the 2022 Energy Sector Strategy Update AIIB response to NGO Forum on ADB network’s letter regarding Energy Strategy update (AIIB's response to the two letters sent by NGO Forum on ADB network; Follow Up Correspondence Concerning the 2022 Energy Sector Strategy Update and Collective Call for a New Forward Looking AIIB Energy Sector Strategy ​

  • ADB Safeguards Documents | NGO Forum on ADB | Lungsod Quezon

    БОНКИ ОСИЁИ РУШДИ (БОР) Project Monitoring Energy Campaign Safeguards Public Information Policy Accountability Mechanism Strategy 2030 МОНИТОРИНГИ ЛОИҲА Joint civil society statement for a robust, rights-based and just safeguards policy at the ADB List of Safeguard Documents Forum Closely Monitors SPS Evaluation of ADB SPS Evaluation 2013–2014 The ADB Safeguards: Terrain shifts to Operation Manual 2010 Looking for an older document? Click here .​ Latest News Sign the 1M Petition Related Documents Backgrounder ADB Project Tracker COVID19 Loan Tracker

  • AIIB Suggested Readings | NGO Forum on ADB | Lungsod Quezon

    CASES COMMUNICATION WITH AIIB EVENTS SUGGESTED READINGS FAQ Suggested Readings Collective Statement For the Energy Sector Strategy Update

  • AIIB | ngoforumonadb

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  • AIIB Projects being monitored | NGO Forum on ADB | Lungsod Quezon

    PROJECTS BEING MONITORED COMMUNICATION WITH AIIB EVENTS SUGGESTED READINGS FAQ CASES RECENTLY APPROVED Bangladesh Bhola IPP Bhola is the only island district of Bangladesh under the administrative division of Barisal in Bangladesh. Mumbai-based Shapoorji Pallonji Infrastructure Capital Company Private Limited (SP Infra), a subsidiary of SP Group is constructing a 220/225 MW Gas and Diesel based power plant through its new company Nutan Bidyut Bangladesh Limited (NBBBL) in Kutba area under Burhanuddin Upazila in Bhola. NBBL has received USD 60.00 million from Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and signed another agreement for USD 60.00 million from the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB). Bangladesh Working Group on External Debt (BWGED) and CLEAN (Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network) in collaboration with NGO Forum on ADB conducted a study on social and environmental impacts of the power plant along with potential violation of national and international standards.​ Watch Video Beijing Air Quality Improvement and Coal Replacement The objective of the project is to improve air quality and reduce air pollution, such as CO2 emissions, particulate matter, SO2 emissions, and NOx emissions, by replacing coal with natural gas in rural villages on the outskirts of Beijing. Upon completion, the Project will provide gas service connections to approximately 216,751 rural households, and reduce coal consumption by around 650,000 tons annually in Beijing.

  • AIIB | NGO Forum on ADB | Lungsod Quezon

    БОНКИ ОСИЁИ РУШДИ (БОР) Project Monitoring Communications News What is AIIB? “The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank is a multilateral development bank (MDB) conceived for the 21st century. Through a participatory process, its founding members are developing its core philosophy, principles, policies, value system, and operating platform. The Bank’s foundation is built on the lessons of experience of existing MDBs and the private sector. Its modus operandi will be lean, clean and green: with a small efficient management team and highly skilled staff; clean, an ethical organization with zero tolerance for corruption; and green, an institution built on respect for the environment. The AIIB will put in place strong policies on governance, accountability, financial, procurement, and environmental and social frameworks. ​ AIIB Structure According to Finance Minister Lou, the governance structure of the Bank will consist of 3 levels: Board of Governors, Board of Directors and the Management, adding that all powers of the AIIB will be vested in the Board of Governors which may delegate to the Board of Directors and the Management its powers as stipulated in the Articles of Agreement (AoA) [http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/business/2014-10/24/content_18799068.htm, 24 October 2014 .]. ​ In the Forum’s recent lobby meetings with the ADB Board of Directors and as stated in AIIB’s description of the bank of keeping its operations ‘lean’, AIIB will have a board of directors that will not reside in Beijing as opposed to the practice in other MDBs. The likelihood of such a scenario poses the question of how will the board of directors carry out fully its duties, particularly in reviewing and approving projects and other operations–related functions. ​ AIIB MOU: Key Points The Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on Establishing the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank specifies that the authorized capital of AIIB is $100 billion and the initial subscribed capital is expected to be around $50 billion, according to Chinese Finance Minister Lou Jiwei. ​ Lou said Prospective Founding Members have agreed that GDP will be the basic parameter in determining share allocation among member countries. Therefore, China will be the largest shareholder. ​ Previously, China announced that it is willing to subscribe to up to 50 percent of the capital. This is an indication that China would like to provide strong support to AIIB, Lou said. ​ However, China will not seek to be “the single majority shareholder” and will not necessarily subscribe 50 percent of the capital. He said. “Moreover, China’ s share ratio will be gradually diluted with more members joining AIIB in the future.” ​ AIIB: What We Know So Far and Emerging Concerns from Civil Society The founding of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is partly a result of the United States’ unwillingness to reform the Bretton Woods institutions. Since 2010, the US Senate has refused to ratify an agreement on governance reforms that would have doubled resources available to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) by increasing capital contributions from emerging market countries. This would proportionately expand their voting power on the IMF Executive Board – where current quotas treat France as though it were more economically dominant than China, and Belgium more dominant than Brazil.

  • AIIB Project Monitoring | NGO Forum on ADB | Lungsod Quezon

    Project Monitoring Communications Events Suggested Readings FAQ МОНИТОРИНГИ ЛОИҲА Bangladesh Bhola IPP Bhola is the only island district of Bangladesh under the administrative division of Barisal in Bangladesh. Mumbai-based Shapoorji Pallonji Infrastructure Capital Company Private Limited (SP Infra), a subsidiary of SP Group is constructing a 220/225 MW Gas and Diesel based power plant through its new company Nutan Bidyut Bangladesh Limited (NBBBL) in Kutba area under Burhanuddin Upazila in Bhola. NBBL has received USD 60.00 million from Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and signed another agreement for USD 60.00 million from the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB). Bangladesh Working Group on External Debt (BWGED) and CLEAN (Coastal Livelihood and Environmental Action Network) in collaboration with NGO Forum on ADB conducted a study on social and environmental impacts of the power plant along with potential violation of national and international standards.​ Watch Video Beijing Air Quality Improvement and Coal Replacement The objective of the project is to improve air quality and reduce air pollution, such as CO2 emissions, particulate matters, SO2 emissions, and NOx emissions, through replacing coal with natural gas in rural villages on the outskirts of Beijing. Upon completion, the Project will provide gas service connections to approximately 216,751 rural households, and reduce coal consumption by around 650,000 tons annually in Beijing.

  • AIIB Communications | NGO Forum on ADB | Lungsod Quezon

    БОНКИ ОСИЁИ РУШДИ (БОР) Project Monitoring Communications News МОНИТОРИНГИ ЛОИҲА 19 July 2022 AIIB asked to go green, turn back on fossil fuels ​ 28 June 2022 Re: Virtual Consultations Hosted by AIIB on the Energy Sector Strategy Update ​ 22 June 2022 Re: AIIB’s Virtual Consultation Sessions on the Energy Sector Strategy Update ​ 13 June 2022 AIIB’s Extended Deadline for Public Input on the Energy Sector Strategy Update ​ 19 May 2022 Collective Statement For the Energy Sector Strategy Update ​ 2 May 2022 Re: AIIB’s Call for Public Input on the Energy Sector Strategy Update ​ 23 February 2022 AIIB response to NGO Forum on ADB network’s letter regarding Energy Strategy update ​ 15 February 2022 Collective Call for a New Forward-Looking AIIB Energy Sector Strategy ​ 28 January 2022 Follow Up Correspondence Concerning the 2022 Energy Sector Strategy Update ​ 24 January 2022 AIIB Withdraw Proposed Financing for 1.4GW Gas Project and Pipeline in Thailand ​ 28 October 2021 Joint Submission by NGO Forum on ADB & Urgewald on the AIIB Environmental and Social Framework ​ 23 September 2021 Key issues regarding the AIIB Annual Meeting 2021 Letter

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