SOUTH ASIA

Kolkata Environmental Improvement Investment Programme

The Kolkata Environmental Improvement Investment Programme funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) have raised the following issues:

1) More than 300 small shopkeepers are temporarily displaced due to the pending construction to facilitate the sewerage and drainage line along the Mahatma Gandhi Road. 2) The shopkeepers do not have an adequate source of income as of the moment and are unable to access loans as they have no standing assets. 

3) The Entitlement Matrix was not explained nor shared as a leaflet to the affected persons (APs). The consultation merely focused on the timeframe of the construction. 
 

Accelerating Infrastructure Investment Facility in India

Workers in Himachal Pradesh have demanded justice on unpaid wages and other benefits, arguing that the lender – the Asian Development Bank (ADB) – has violated its labour policies, causing negative impact on a group of 116 union members working on the project. A group of fifteen workers, who were engaged on the ADB-funded Kiratpur-Nerchowk Four Lane Road project in Himachal Pradesh, explained to the ADB’s Compliance Review Panel staff in a conference call that the collapse of the project contractor Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services (IL&FS) has left them millions of rupees out of pocket.

Read updates here.

See the video here.

Mahaweli Water Security Investment Program

The Upper Elahera canal project funded by the Asian Development Bank has committed serious environmental safeguard violations including the construction of a 1.7 km access road inside the Beligama forest which is part of the Knuckles conservation forest without adhering to the environmental safeguards as per the safeguarding policy statement 2009.

The construction company Sinohydro Corporation Ltd involves in these environmental safeguards violations. Although the environmental impact has been identified for this 1.7 km section, the construction company has not followed the conditions set during the project approval to protect the environment. The company has already cleared this sensitive forest stretch and dump debris and soil to the riverside and constructed another 1 km of the road across non-approved stretch.

See the video here.

PHULBARI COAL PROJECT

The Phulbari Coal Project involves extraction of coal using open pit mining method.

It involves the construction of a 500-MW power plant. According to the ADB, at full production, about eight million tons of coal will be transported by rail and barges to an offshore reloading facility located in Akram Point. Some four million tons will be exported to India via railway. The remaining three million tons will be for domestic use.

However, as much as the economic benefits it intends to bring to Bangladesh, the project will not only pose a health hazard but displace around 50,000 people. Likewise, Akram Point, where the reloading facility will be located, is in Sundarbans Mangrove Forest – a UNESCO-declared world heritage site. Transportation of millions of tons of coal through Sundarbans and Akram Point will also have serious environmental impacts

Read the full story here.

Sundurban Biodiversity Conservation Project

The Sundurban Biodiversity Conservation Project (SBCP) is a US$ 77.5 million project financed by a loan from the Asian Development Bank (ADB), grants from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Government of The Netherlands and contributions from Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF), GoB, NGOs, and Beneficiaries.

 

ISSUES

Conservation Project (SBCP), we have managed to keep in touch since before its inception. We participated in a baseline survey under the Association In respect of the Sundarban Bio-diversity for Development Agencies in Bangladesh (ADAB the apex body of NGOs) on the request of ADB and submitted our recommendations to the ADB. 

Read updates here.

Melamchi Water Supply Project

Six years after its conception, the Melamchi Water Supply Project (MWSP), the Asian Development Bank’s pet project inSindhupalchowk District, Nepal, is still mired in controversy. Three of the project’s original funding agencies—the World Bank, Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) and Norwegian Agency for Development (NORAD) —had pulled out in the last three years brought about by several pressing issues. In fact, the water project has been on the donors’ priority list in the last two decades but was never pursued due to conflict of interests among donors, mainly between the World Bank and the ADB.

Read the full story here.

Chashma Right Bank Irrigation

The Chasma Right Bank Irrigation Project (CBRIP) was approved by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) in December 1991. It involves the construction of a 274-kilometer canal along the Indus River that will run through two districts in Punjab and Northwest Frontier provinces. According to the Bank, it will irrigate 606,000 acres of land in D.I. Khan and D.G. Khan Districts in central Pakistan.

 

The project primarily aims to provide a dependable perennial irrigation supply, ensure efficient distribution water and provide necessary drainage and flood relief. Aside from the main canal, 72 distribution canals, 68 cross-drainage structures, and 91 bridges will be constructed.

Read the full story here.

See updates here.

M4 Gojra– Shorkot– Khanewal Project

The entire M4 highway is a 240 km road which will construct:

- 15 interchanges

- 23 flyovers/underpasses

- 11 bridges

- 19 underpasses

- 191 pipe culverts

- 55 WCC boxes and gas culverts 

 

There will be two bridges that will be constructed across 2  main surfaces of water bodies which irrigate agri-lands: River Ravi and Sadhnai Canal.  There will be displacement of 3,429 households from  the use of 1,616.7 acres of land of which  86 % is privately-owned agricultural land and will require the cutting of 91,661 trees.

Read more information here.

Southern Transport Development Project

The Southern Transport Development Project (STDP) is an ADB co-financed project, which includes the construction of a 128-km controlled access expressway from Colombo to the southern city of Galle, which will link up with an existing coastal road in Matara. ADB is providing a US$ 90 million loan approved in November 1999 for 55 km of this expressway, with Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) providing funds for the rest of the stretch. The construction of the road aims to help catalyze economic growth in the southern region of Sri Lanka in general and reduce traffic and accidents on the coastal road.

Read full story here.

© 2019 by NGO Forum on ADB

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